European elderberry (Sambucus nigra)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
European elderberry
European elderberry European elderberry European elderberry European elderberry European elderberry
European elderberry (Sambucus nigra)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 4b
Mature Height Mature Height
8 to 10 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
8 to 10 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Faster
Sun Sun
Full Sun or Partial Shade
Moisture Moisture
Moist soil, well drained
Fall Color Fall Color
Dull
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Yes
Flower Flower
Ornamental
Fruit Fruit
Ornamental
Evergreen Evergreen
No
Native to WI Native to WI
No
Additional Information Additional Information
broad, rounded, suckering, leggy shrub with arching branches; 8-10’ tall and wide; some cultivars have variegated, purple or yellow leaves; the cultivar ‘Gerda’ (Black Beauty) has purple leaves; coarse texture; showy, large, creamy-white flowers in flat-topped clusters in summer; shiny, purplish-black, edible fruit in flat-topped clusters in late summer to fall; fruit attracts birds; full sun to partial shade; adaptable to most soils and pH; but prefers a rich, moist, well-drained soil; tolerates dry soil; sensitive to road salt; do not shear; native to Europe and Asia; hardy to zone 4b; often has some dieback of branches in winter

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site: www.uwex.edu/ces/wihort
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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