American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
American elderberry
American elderberry American elderberry American elderberry
American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 3b
Mature Height Mature Height
6 to 10 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
6 to 10 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Sun Sun
Full Sun or Partial Shade
Moisture Moisture
Wet soil, poor drainage (also tolerant to moist soil, well-drained)
Fall Color Fall Color
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Flower Flower
Fruit Fruit
Evergreen Evergreen
Native to WI Native to WI
Additional Information Additional Information
broad, rounded, suckering, leggy shrub with arching branches; 6-10’ tall and wide; branches touching the ground may root; coarse texture; a yellow-leaved cultivar is available; showy, large, creamy-white flowers in flat-topped clusters in summer; shiny, purplish-black, edible fruit in flat-topped clusters in late summer to fall; fruit attracts birds; full sun to partial shade; adaptable to most soils and pH, but prefers a rich, moist, well-drained soil; tolerates wet and dry soil; sensitive to road salt; do not shear; native to Wisconsin; hardy to zone 3b

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site:
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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