River birch (Betula nigra)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 4a
Mature Height Mature Height
Mature Spread Mature Spread
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Sun Sun
Full Sun
Moisture Moisture
Wet soil, poor drainage (also tolerant to moist soil, well-drained)
Fall Color Fall Color
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Flower Flower
Fruit Fruit
Evergreen Evergreen
Native to WI Native to WI
Additional Information Additional Information
usually a large tree; but dwarf cultivars are below; yellow fall color; showy, light tan to reddish-brown, exfoliating bark; full sun; adaptable to most soils but requires acidic pH or else will get very chlorotic (yellow); plant in spring only; prefers moist, well-drained soil; tolerates wet soil; sensitive to road salt; resistant to bronze birch borer that plagues the white-barked birches; native to Wisconsin; hardy to zone 4a

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site: https://hort.uwex.edu/
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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Planting the Right Tree in the Right Place