European red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
European red elderberry
European red elderberry European red elderberry
European red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 4a
Mature Height Mature Height
8 to 12 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
8 to 12 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Sun Sun
Moisture Moisture
Moist soil, well drained
Fall Color Fall Color
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Flower Flower
Fruit Fruit
Evergreen Evergreen
Native to WI Native to WI
Additional Information Additional Information
large, suckering, leggy shrub; 8-12’ tall and wide; fast grower; picture shown is of yellow-leaved cultivar; straight species has green leaves; showy, terminal yellowish-white flowers in spring; terminal scarlet-red fruit in July that attracts birds; full sun to shade; adaptable to most soils and pH, but prefers a rich, moist, well-drained soil; tolerates dry soil; sensitive to road salt; do not shear; native to Europe; hardy to zone 4a; pictures are for the golden, cutleaf cultivar 'Sutherland Gold'

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site:
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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