Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica or Morella pensylvanica)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
Northern bayberry
Northern bayberry Northern bayberry Northern bayberry Northern bayberry
Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica or Morella pensylvanica)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 4a
Mature Height Mature Height
6 to 9 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
6 to 9 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Moderate
Sun Sun
Full Sun or Partial Shade
Moisture Moisture
Drought tolerant (also tolerant to moist soil, well-drained)
Fall Color Fall Color
Dull
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Yes
Flower Flower
Insignificant
Fruit Fruit
Ornamental
Evergreen Evergreen
No
Native to WI Native to WI
No
Additional Information Additional Information
upright, rounded, dense, suckering shrub; 6-9’ tall and wide; leathery, dark green leaves; no fall color, but holds leaves late into early winter; aromatic leaves and stems when rubbed; waxy, blue-gray, small fruit borne directly on stems on female plants in late summer to fall; attracts birds; requires a male pollinator for fruit display; fruit is used to scent bayberry candles; full sun to partial shade; prefers a poor, sandy, infertile, slightly acidic soil; gets chlorotic (yellow) at high pH; drought and salt tolerant; can get leaf spot; can shear into a formal hedge; native to eastern U.S.; hardy to zone 4a

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site: www.uwex.edu/ces/wihort
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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