Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
Winterberry
Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 3b
Mature Height Mature Height
3 to 10 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
4 to 10 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Slower
Sun Sun
Full Sun or Partial Shade
Moisture Moisture
Wet soil, poor drainage (also tolerant to moist soil, well-drained)
Fall Color Fall Color
Dull
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
Yes
Flower Flower
Insignificant
Fruit Fruit
Ornamental
Evergreen Evergreen
No
Native to WI Native to WI
Yes
Additional Information Additional Information
oval to rounded, upright, suckering shrub; 3-10’ tall; 4-10’ wide (depends on cultivar); forms thickets; slow grower; yellowish fall color; bright red, orange or yellow (depends on cultivar) fruit in late summer to fall, persisting into winter; requires a male pollinator for fruit display; full sun to partial shade; prefers a loamy, acidic soil high in organic matter; gets chlorotic (yellow) at high pH; prefers a moist to wet soil; intolerant to drought and road salt; do not shear; native to Wisconsin; hardy to zone 3b

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site: www.uwex.edu/ces/wihort
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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