Vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis)

USDA Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones
Vernal witchhazel
Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel Vernal witchhazel
Vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis)
Zone Zone  more information
Hardy to zone 4b
Mature Height Mature Height
6 to 10 feet
Mature Spread Mature Spread
10 to 15 feet
Growth Rate Growth Rate
Moderate
Sun Sun
All
Moisture Moisture
Wet soil, poor drainage (also tolerant to moist soil, well-drained)
Fall Color Fall Color
Attractive
Attracts Wildlife Attracts Wildlife
No
Flower Flower
Ornamental
Fruit Fruit
Insignificant
Evergreen Evergreen
No
Native to WI Native to WI
No
Additional Information Additional Information
dense, rounded to oval, irregular, suckering shrub; 6-10’ tall; 10-15’ wide; slow to moderate grower; coarse texture; blue-green leaves; late, golden yellow fall color; smooth, gray bark; fragrant, long lasting flowers in late winter that are reddish on the inside and yellow to orange on the outside, thin, strap-like, curling petals; full sun to shade; prefers a loamy, rich, slightly acidic soil; gets chlorotic (yellow) at high pH; plant in spring only; prefers moist, well-drained soil; tolerates wet soil; intolerant to drought and road salt; susceptible to powdery mildew on leaves; retains brown leaves into winter; do not shear; native to southcentral U.S.; hardy to zone 4b

UW Extension
For more information, see the UW Extension Urban Horticulture Team Web site: www.uwex.edu/ces/wihort
Primary Author: Dr. Laura Jull
Photos by: Dr. Laura Jull and Dr. Ed Hasselkus

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